Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy for Urinary Incontinence: How It Can Help

Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by the involuntary leakage of urine, and can range from mild to severe. While UI can be caused by a variety of factors, including age, pregnancy, and certain medical conditions, it can often be treated with pelvic floor physical therapy. In this blog, we\’ll explore how pelvic floor physical therapy can help with UI.

What is Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy?

Pelvic floor physical therapy is a specialized form of physical therapy that focuses on the muscles, ligaments, and connective tissues that support the bladder, uterus, rectum, and other pelvic organs. During a pelvic floor physical therapy session, a trained physical therapist will work with the patient to help them develop a customized exercise program that is designed to strengthen and/or relax the pelvic floor muscles.

How Can Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy Help with UI?

UI is often caused by weakened pelvic floor muscles, which can occur as a result of pregnancy, childbirth, aging, or certain medical conditions. When the pelvic floor muscles are weak, they are unable to properly support the bladder, leading to involuntary leakage of urine.

Pelvic floor physical therapy can help with UI in several ways:

Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles: Pelvic floor physical therapy can help to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, which can improve their ability to support the bladder and prevent urine leakage.
Relaxing the pelvic floor muscles: In some cases, the pelvic floor muscles may be too tight or in spasm, which can also lead to UI. Pelvic floor physical therapy can help to relax these muscles, reducing the frequency and severity of UI.

Educating patients on bladder health: Pelvic floor physical therapists can provide patients with education on proper bladder habits and techniques to improve bladder control. This can include information on scheduling regular bathroom breaks, avoiding bladder irritants, and proper hydration.
Behavioral interventions: Pelvic floor physical therapists can also work with patients to develop behavioral interventions to improve bladder control. This can include techniques such as bladder training, which involves gradually increasing the time between bathroom breaks to improve bladder capacity and control.


Pelvic floor physical therapy is a highly effective treatment option for UI. By strengthening and/or relaxing the pelvic floor muscles, patients can experience significant improvements in bladder control and quality of life. If you are experiencing UI, talk to your doctor about whether pelvic floor physical therapy may be a good treatment option for you. Trained physical therapist at Total Performance Physical Therapy in HorshamNorth WalesEast NorritonHarleysville, and Hatfield, PA can work with you to develop a customized treatment plan that is tailored to your individual needs and goals.


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